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Construction of EMS-Induced Peanut Mutant Libraries and Identification of Pod-Related Traits Mutant Lines

文献类型: 外文期刊

作者: Chen, Hao 1 ; Xiong, Faqian 2 ; Xu, Rilong 1 ; Chen, Xiangyu 1 ; Zhong, Haifeng 1 ; Zhang, Yumei 1 ; Lan, Xinlong 1 ; Zhang, Hong 1 ; Chen, Yuhua 1 ; Hu, Runfang 1 ; Lin, Guoqiang 1 ; Tang, Zhaoxiu 1 ;

作者机构: 1.Fujian Acad Agr Sci, Fujian Engn Res Ctr Characterist Upland Crops Bree, Fujian Res Stn Crop Gene Resource & Germplasm Enha, Minist Agr & Rural Affairs Peoples Republ China,Fu, Fuzhou 350013, Peoples R China

2.Guangxi Acad Agr Sci, Cash Crops Res Inst, Nanning 530007, Peoples R China

关键词: Peanut; EMS-induced; mutant line; pod-related traits; re-sequencing; pod constriction

期刊名称:PHYTON-INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BOTANY ( 影响因子:1.407; 五年影响因子:0.996 )

ISSN: 0031-9457

年卷期: 2023 年 92 卷 2 期

页码:

收录情况: SCI

摘要: Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is an oil and economic crop of vital importance, and peanut pod is the key organ influencing the yield and processing quality. Hence, the Pod-related traits (PRTs) are considered as important agronomic traits in peanut breeding. To broaden the variability of PRTs in current peanut germplasms, three elite peanut cultivars were used to construct Ethyl methane sulfonate (EMS)-induced mutant libraries in this study. The optimal EMS treatment conditions for the three peanut varieties were determined. It was found that the median lethal dose (LD50) of EMS treatment varied greatly among different genotypes. Finally, the EMS-induced peanut mutant libraries were constructed and a total of 124 mutant lines for PRTs were identified and evaluated. Furthermore, "M-8070", one of the mutant lines for pod constriction, was re-sequenced via high-throughput sequencing technology. The genome-wide variations between "M-8070" and its wild parent "Fuhua 8" (FH 8) were detected. 2994 EMS-induced single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and 1188 insertion-deletions (InDels) between "M-8070" and its wild parent were identified. The predominant SNP mutation type was C/G to T/A transitions, while the predominant InDel mutation type was "1-bp". We analyzed the distribution of identified mutations and annotated their functions. Most of the mutations (91.68% of the SNPs and 77.69% of the InDels) were located in the intergenic region. 72 SNPs were identified in the exonic region, leading to 27 synonymous, 43 nonsynonymous and 2 stop-gain variation for gene structure. 13 Indels were identified in the exonic region, leading to 4 frame-shift, 8 non-frame-shift and 1 stop-gain variations of genes. These mutations may lead to the phenotypic variation of "M-8070". Our study provided valuable resources for peanut improvement and functional genomic research.

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